Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma
Jews around the world study the same page of Talmud each day as part of the 7-year cycle of the Daf Yomi. Join Rabbanit Dr. Tamara Spitz each week as she reviews the key topics of the previous week’s seven pages, gaining an overview of the entire Talmud while also doing a deeper analysis of one of the core issues in that week’s text. We will combine breadth and depth to gain insights into each Tractate being studied, and enjoy the benefits of moving through topics at a quicker pace.
Whatever your background in Talmud, this shiur will allow you to connect to the worldwide phenomenon of Daf Yomi study, whether you learn the daf each day or just want to gain an overview of the entire Gemara. For the previous tractate, masechet Kiddushin, please visit HERE. For the next tractate, Bava Metzia, click HERE.
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 1: Intro+Daf 2-6
Welcome to Baba Kama and Seder Nizikin. In this Masechet we are going to learn about damages that are caused by a person or their property. We will also learn the liability and consequences of these damages. This week we will learn about the four main categories of damagers.
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 2: Daf 7-13
This week we will learn about different people who are owed money and what type of land they can collect from (superior, average, poor). We will also learn that if you have the responsibility to guard something, and it does damage, you are liable to pay for that damage. The Gemara will also list types of damages that one is exempt from reimbursing.
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 3: Daf 14-20
This week we will learn the difference between a Tam (innocent) ox and a Muad (warned) ox. The payment of damages is based on the nature of the animal that did the damage. We are also going to learn the parameters of Regel (foot) which include damage done by normal animal behavior. We will then learn about Shen (tooth) which includes damage done while the animal is receiving benefit.
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 4: Daf 21-27
This week we will outline when an animal causes damage through normal behavior as compared to damage from abnormal behavior, and what the payment would be for each. We will also learn that an animal, after behaving aggressively three times becomes “Muad” (warned), but it can revert to its “Tam” (innocent) status.
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 5: Daf 28-33
This week we will learn a person’s liability if one puts objects in the public domain. Is the person responsible for paying for damages to property or is the person also liable to pay for any injuries to another person? What if you had permission to place the objects there in the first place?
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 6: Daf 34-41
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 7: Daf 42-48
This week we will learn that if an ox meant to kill an animal but killed a person instead, the ox isn’t killed but the owner does need to pay Kofer. We will also learn that if a potter places his pots in someone’s courtyard without permission, and the owner of the courtyard breaks them, he is exempt from reimbursing the potter. If someone was injured by the pots. the potter is liable to pay for damages.
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 8: Daf 49-55
This week, we will learn that if a person accidentally injures a pregnant woman and causes her to miscarry, he must pay an extra penalty to her husband or his heirs. We will then learn the parameters of liabilities when damage is caused by a pit in the public domain.
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 9: Daf 56-62
This week we will learn about the liability one has to guard his fire. One is liable for anything that gets burned in someone else’s property, even scorched earth and stones. If a person lit a fire on his property and it crossed a river or a road, one isn’t liable for those damages.
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 10: Daf 63-69
This week we will start the 7th chapter of Baba Kama. In this chapter, we will learn the penalty for stealing. If a person steals an item, he must pay twice the value. If a person steals an ox or a sheep and then sells it or slaughters it, he needs to pay back the owner 5 times or 4 times its value. If a person steals a stolen item from the thief, they do not have to pay double.
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 11: Daf 70-76
This week we will learn about a person who stole an animal and then killed it or sold it. If there are witnesses that testify to this, the thief must pay 4 or 5 times the value of the animal. If he sold it on Shabbat or killed it on Yom Kippur, he still pays 4 or 5 times the value. If a set of witnesses say he stole an animal but only 1 witness says he killed or sold it, the thief only pays double the value and not 4 or 5 times.
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 12: Daf 77-83
This week we will learn about a thief who stole an animal and then sold it but retained some ownership. He is liable to pay double the value but not 4 or 5 times the value. We will then learn about decrees made at different times in Jewish history to help settle the land and to make society more attuned to communal needs.
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 13: Daf 84-90
This week we continue discussing the 5 payments a person makes if he injured another person. One needs to pay for the actual damage, the pain inflicted, medical bills, unemployment, and the embarrassment one experienced due to the injury. The Gemara explains each of these 5 payments and how they are determined.
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 14: Daf 91-97
This week we will learn that even if a person pays for embarrassment, God doesn’t forgive the person till they ask for forgiveness. We will also learn that if a person steals wood and then makes it into a utensil, he acquires the object and only pays back the value of the item he stole.
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 15: Daf 98-104
This week we will learn that if someone gave wool to a dyer, and it was dyed the wrong color or in an inferior way, the dyer must pay back the value of the wool. We will also learn that if a person stole an item and then swore falsely that he didn’t steal it, he must return the item directly to the owner, pay an additional fifth, and bring an Asham sacrifice.
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 16: Daf 105-111
This week will continue learning about a thief who swears falsely that he didn’t steal an item or a collateral that he was holding on to. If he later admits to his crime, he not only pays back the item, but he must pay an addition fifth of the value and bring an Asham sacrifice. If the person he stole from was a convert who didn’t have any living relatives, the money was given to the Kohen who was working in the Temple on the day he arrives to bring his sacrifice.
Daf Yomi One Week at a Time: Bava Kamma: Lesson 17: Daf 112-119 + Siyum
This week, as we finish Masechet Bava Kama, we will learn about different cases involving an owner’s despair about his lost or stolen object. We will also learn that if a person ruins his own property to save his friend’s property, he is compensated for either his time or his lost property.
Congratulations on finishing Masechet Bava Kama!
Rabbanit Dr. Tamara Spitz is the Rosh Beit Midrash and Mashgicha Ruchanit of Midreshet Torah v'Avodah. She lectures on various topics in Gemara, including Daf Yomi, Halacha, and Tefilah. Dr. Spitz has held academic and administrative positions at various Midrashot and served as the Jewish Studies Principal of Instituto Yavne, one of the main Jewish day schools of Montevideo, Uruguay. She also runs a Chiropractic practice specializing in Women’s Health in Gush Etzion and is a Hip-Hop dance teacher.